Surya’s temple at Modhera

An hour’s drive north of Ahmedabad’s hustle, amidst agricultural fields, lies the elaborately carved Surya temple at Modhera. Built by a Solanki emperor in 1026, the temple was designed so that the first rays of the sun fell on the image of Surya, the Sun God, at the equinox.┬áSolankis were considered to be descendants of the Sun God, and at the time of the temple’s construction Modhera was part of a thriving Hindu empire based out of Patan, a town to its north.